CIS Center working visit to the International EPD system head office. Introduction to the global program for environmental declarations
February 26 - March 4, 2018
Sustainable development is the world’s current demand, supposing in particular the delivery of products and services, which provide less impact for human health and the environment. By the way that is reflected in the SAICM 2020 Objectives and UN Sustainable Development Goals (UN SDGs).
Eco-labelling may be viewed as one of voluntary methods in national regulatory systems that contribute to strengthening of business and meet UN SDGs and market trends.
There are 3 types of voluntary eco-labelling programs on the basis of the international 14020 standards series on environmental labels and declarations.
A significant range of state initiatives and strategies have been realized to date in the EU. They are focused on the promotion of energy efficiency, careful use of resources, emission and waste reduction from the human and industrial activities, sound management of waste, technical and technological improvements of the up, core and downstream processes due to the outcomes of the risk assessment.
In order to communicate environmental performance of the products and production processes, it’s needed to collect and analyze relevant environmental performance data.
Due to this producers and suppliers are recommended to carry out the life cycle assessment of the products and production processes (LCA) in accordance with the ISO 14040/14044.
The International EPD system arranged a workshop for the CIS Center experts. The main topic was new requirements and upcoming developments in the EU legislation related to LCA perspective, technical aspects of carrying out the LCA, verification of the LCA data credibility. Also while the workshop there were covered existing LCA data communication formats such as environmental declaration in the internationally recognized format.
Owing to that this issue might be the point of the significant interest for the Russian producers exporting their products to the EU and other countries covered by the International EPD system.
For example, the EU directive 2014/24/EUonPublic Procurement requires to hold tenders for purchasing of products for which the LCA was carried out. The buyer could request the tenderer to provide the officially approved document as a part of the tender documents set. For example, it might be an environmental declaration in the internationally recognized format registered in the International EPD system and containing the verified credible information about the environmental performance of the product.
Furthermore in the year 2015 the ISO 14001-2015 «Environmental management systems. Requirements with guidance for use» was revised. It is stated that alongside with planning and carrying out the activities of the organization addressing the life cycle perspective (assessment and management of the Environmental performance of the production and other processes at the enterprises), it’s highly recommended to consider there the life cycle perspective of the produced products or products in use.
ISO 14020:2000 Environmental labels and declarations. General principles
ISO 14024:1999 Environmental labels and declarations. Type I environmental labelling. Principles and procedures
ISO 14025:2006 Environmental labels and declarations. Type III environmental declarations. Principles and procedures
EN 15804-2012 Sustainability of construction works, Environmental product declarations, Core rules for the product category of construction products
ISO 14040:2006 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Principles and framework
ISO 14041:1998 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Goal and scope definition and inventory analysis
ISO 14042:2000 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Life cycle impact assessment
ISO 14043:2000 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Life cycle interpretation
ISO 14044:2006 Environmental management. Life cycle assessment. Requirements and guidelines
ISO 14045:2012 Environmental management. Eco-efficiency assessment of product systems. Principles, requirements and guidelines
ISO 14001:2015 Environmental management systems. Requirements with guidance for use